Evidence Based Medicine

Evidence-based Practices That Are Best Practices

 

Adopting the best Evidence-based Practice in a healthcare organization could start by adopting hospital best practices. Below we will discuss some best practices for patient safety


Evidence-based Practices That Are Best Practices

Evidence-based Practices That Are Best Practices

Proper Patient Identification

 

Hospitals need to have systems in place that identify patients properly with no room for errors or a mix-up. Patients should be identified with their names and date of birth or one other information. Just identifying patients by names can lead to mixups as there are people who share the same first name or last name and sometimes both names. This will help prevent mix-ups that can be deadly like mixup during blood transfusions or doing the wrong operating on the wrong patient.



Extra Care to Curb Infections

 

Doctors and nurses should take better care to wash their hands before coming in contact with any patient. Taking extra measures and making it a part of the company culture will help reduce incidents of infections or any mistakes. Infections are a serious issue and affect lots of patients. Sometimes patients pick up an infection from the hospital that they didn’t have before coming in and this becomes an added illness to their already existing health issue. Sometimes these infections if not treated properly, could lead to the death of a patient.

 

Ensure Surgical precision

 

Healthcare organizations need to avoid surgical errors. They can do this by following protocols set in place to prevent errors common with surgeries such as performing a surgery on the wrong person or performing the wrong kind of surgery on a patient. Each team member should individually verify a surgery before it takes place. Collaborations like this lead to increased patient safety. When each team independently verifies a clinical action that is about to take place, it leads to errors or mixups been easily pointed out and fixed.

 

Proper Use of Medication

Evidence-based Practices That Are Best Practices

Simple things like labeling drugs properly writing the names of medication and the dosage properly and legibly on a patient’s file could go a long way to prevent mix-ups and errors in a healthcare organization. Safe use of medication is an evidence-based practice that’s should be adopted and practiced by all. Also, with so many prescription medications available there is likely to be a mixup of medication names, brands, uses and dosage if not handled properly. Doctors and nurses should find out if patients are taking medication that could clash with the medication they are about to prescribe. Also, check for allergies or past reaction to any medication in the patients' medical history.



Proper Discharge Process

 

Every discharge process for patients should be easy to follow a process that covers all the basics, checks and balances that would help prevent readmission. Patients should be given detailed information on their post-admission medication, the kinds of foods and drinks they need to avoid and any upcoming medical visits they’ll need to make after they are discharged. For patients with critical conditions who still need care at home, a patient care team should be put in place to make sure they have the care they need at home. All post admission information should be documented properly so patients can understand it clearly and there is no mix-up.



Evidence-Based Design

 

Just like with any living space, a hospital can be designed for optimal comfort, utility, and productivity. Evidence-based design can be used to combat issues that would normally arise during patient care. Proper patient room and bed design can help prevent falls, spills, accidents, and even serious injuries. Hospitals should design for safety and quality.

 

Open Communication

Evidence-based Practices That Are Best Practices

Another tested and proven evidence-based practice is the fostering of open communication in a healthcare organization. If a patient or junior level hospital staff notice an error or a problem, they should be able to feel free to communicate this to someone who can fix it. When there is open communication there is no fear of retaliation. This leads to a free flow of information and an efficient feedback loop. Doctors and nurses should be trained through interactive sessions to maintain effective communication within themselves and with patients and this help maintain a   standard even with changing clinical situations. Open communication challenges doctors and nurses to think differently and approach challenges with fresh perspectives every time.

 

Better Patient Care Teams

 

Patient care teams exist for many reasons. Some patient care teas are teams specifically put together for a particular patient or for a particular group of patients. Other care teams are more flexible and work on a broad range of patients. Some patient care teams are put together last minute to fit the specific need of a patient or a situation in a hospital. A patient care team should contain members from different hospital departments and different levels of the organizations. All patient care team members should be able to speak freely and communicate with their team members (see above point). When there is seamless communication within a patient care team, they are able to be more efficient and provide better care to patients. The patient care team should also have a rapid response system or rapid response systems in place.